What are Carbs and Why Do They Matter?
Carbohydrates, or “carbs,” are one of the three macronutrients that make up our diet, alongside protein and fat. They are an essential source of energy for our bodies and play a crucial role in maintaining proper bodily functions.
Carbs are found in many different types of foods, including fruits, vegetables, grains, and dairy products. They come in two main forms: simple and complex. Simple carbs are made up of one or two sugar molecules and are quickly digested by the body. Examples include table sugar, honey, and fruit juice. Complex carbs, on the other hand, are made up of long chains of sugar molecules and take longer to digest. Examples include whole grains, legumes, and starchy vegetables.
Carbs are important because they provide the body with glucose, which is the primary source of fuel for our cells. Glucose is particularly important for the brain, which relies on a steady supply to function properly. In addition to providing energy, carbs also play a role in maintaining healthy digestion and metabolism.
However, not all carbs are created equal. Consuming too many simple carbs, especially in the form of added sugars, can lead to weight gain, insulin resistance, and other health problems. This is why it’s important to choose healthy sources of carbs, such as whole grains, fruits, and vegetables, and to balance carb intake with protein and fat.
The Difference Between Total Carbs and Net Carbs
When looking at the nutrition label on a food product, you will see a section that lists the total amount of carbohydrates. However, not all of these carbs are created equal. Some carbs, such as fiber and sugar alcohols, are not fully digested by the body and do not contribute to the overall carb count. These carbs are referred to as “net carbs.”
To calculate net carbs, you need to subtract the grams of fiber and sugar alcohols from the total carb count. For example, if a food contains 20 grams of total carbs, 5 grams of fiber, and 2 grams of sugar alcohols, the net carb count would be 13 grams (20 – 5 – 2 = 13).
Net carbs are important for those following a low-carb diet, such as the ketogenic diet, as they provide a more accurate picture of how many carbs are actually being absorbed by the body. It’s worth noting, however, that not all types of fiber and sugar alcohols have the same effect on blood sugar levels, so it’s important to choose healthy sources of these ingredients.
While net carbs can be a useful tool for those following a low-carb diet, it’s still important to pay attention to the overall quality of the carbs you consume. Choosing nutrient-dense, whole-food sources of carbs is still the best way to support overall health and well-being.
How to Calculate Net Carbs in Your Diet
Calculating net carbs in your diet can be a useful tool for those looking to limit their carb intake or follow a low-carb diet. To calculate net carbs, follow these steps:
Check the nutrition label: Look for the total amount of carbohydrates and the amount of fiber and sugar alcohols in the food.
Subtract the fiber: Subtract the number of grams of fiber from the total amount of carbohydrates.
Subtract the sugar alcohols: If the food contains sugar alcohols, subtract the number of grams of sugar alcohols from the total carbohydrates.
Determine the net carbs: The remaining number is the net carbs.
For example, if a food contains 20 grams of total carbs, 5 grams of fiber, and 2 grams of sugar alcohols, the net carb count would be 13 grams (20 – 5 – 2 = 13).
It’s important to note that not all types of fiber and sugar alcohols are created equal. Some types of fiber, such as soluble fiber, can have a positive effect on blood sugar levels, while some sugar alcohols can cause digestive issues in some people. It’s important to choose healthy sources of these ingredients and to pay attention to how they affect your body.
In addition to calculating net carbs, it’s also important to pay attention to the overall quality of the carbs you consume. Choosing nutrient-dense, whole-food sources of carbs is still the best way to support overall health and well-being.
The Role of Net Carbs in Popular Low-Carb Diets
Many popular low-carb diets, such as the ketogenic diet and the Atkins diet, place a strong emphasis on limiting net carbs in order to promote weight loss and other health benefits. By limiting net carbs, the body is forced to use fat for energy instead of glucose, a process known as ketosis.
The ketogenic diet is perhaps the most well-known low-carb diet, and it typically limits net carb intake to around 20-50 grams per day. This diet emphasizes healthy sources of fat, such as avocados, nuts, and olive oil, as well as moderate amounts of protein.
The Atkins diet, another popular low-carb diet, involves several phases that gradually increase carb intake. In the initial phase, net carb intake is limited to just 20 grams per day, while in later phases, carb intake is gradually increased to help maintain weight loss.
While low-carb diets can be effective for weight loss and improving certain health markers, they are not suitable for everyone. It’s important to work with a healthcare provider or registered dietitian to determine if a low-carb diet is appropriate for you, and to ensure that you are still getting all the nutrients your body needs. Additionally, it’s important to choose healthy sources of carbs, such as fruits, vegetables, and whole grains, even when following a low-carb diet.
Tips for Incorporating Net Carbs into a Healthy Eating Plan
If you’re looking to incorporate net carbs into your diet in a healthy way, here are some tips to keep in mind:
Choose healthy sources of carbs: Even when counting net carbs, it’s important to choose nutrient-dense, whole-food sources of carbs. This includes fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and legumes.
Focus on fiber: Aim to get plenty of fiber in your diet, as it can help you feel fuller for longer and support healthy digestion. Good sources of fiber include fruits, vegetables, nuts, and seeds.
Pay attention to sugar alcohols: While sugar alcohols can be subtracted from the total carb count to calculate net carbs, they can also cause digestive issues in some people. Pay attention to how your body reacts to different types of sugar alcohols and choose healthy sources.
Consider your overall dietary needs: While net carbs can be a useful tool, it’s important to consider your overall dietary needs and goals. For example, athletes or those with high energy needs may need more carbs than someone who is sedentary.
Work with a healthcare provider or registered dietitian: If you’re unsure how to incorporate net carbs into your diet in a healthy way, or if you have specific health concerns, it’s important to work with a healthcare provider or registered dietitian who can provide personalized guidance and support.